Nirogacestat, a γ-Secretase Inhibitor for Desmoid Tumors.

Mrinal Gounder, Ravin Ratan, Thierry Alcindor, Patrick Schöffski, Winette T. Van Der Graaf, Breelyn A. Wilky, Richard F. Riedel, Allison Lim, L. Mary Smith, Stephanie Moody, Steven Attia, Sant Chawla, Gina D'Amato, Noah Federman, Priscilla Merriam, Brian A. Van Tine, Bruno Vincenzi, Charlotte Benson, Nam Quoc Bui, Rashmi ChughGabriel Tinoco, John Charlson, Palma Dileo, Lee Hartner, Lore Lapeire, Filomena Mazzeo, Emanuela Palmerini, Peter Reichardt, Silvia Stacchiotti, Howard H. Bailey, Melissa A. Burgess, Gregory M. Cote, Lara E. Davis, Hari Deshpande, Hans Gelderblom, Giovanni Grignani, Elizabeth Loggers, Tony Philip, Joseph G. Pressey, Shivaani Kummar, Bernd Kasper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Desmoid tumors are rare, locally aggressive, highly recurrent soft-tissue tumors without approved treatments. Methods We conducted a phase 3, international, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of nirogacestat in adults with progressing desmoid tumors according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1. Patients were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive the oral γ-secretase inhibitor nirogacestat (150 mg) or placebo twice daily. The primary end point was progression-free survival. Results From May 2019 through August 2020, a total of 70 patients were assigned to receive nirogacestat and 72 to receive placebo. Nirogacestat had a significant progression-free survival benefit over placebo (hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.29; 95% confidence interval, 0.15 to 0.55; P<0.001); the likelihood of being event-free at 2 years was 76% with nirogacestat and 44% with placebo. Between-group differences in progression-free survival were consistent across prespecified subgroups. The percentage of patients who had an objective response was significantly higher with nirogacestat than with placebo (41% vs. 8%; P<0.001), with a median time to response of 5.6 months and 11.1 months, respectively; the percentage of patients with a complete response was 7% and 0%, respectively. Significant between-group differences in secondary patient-reported outcomes, including pain, symptom burden, physical or role functioning, and health-related quality of life, were observed (P≤0.01). Frequent adverse events with nirogacestat included diarrhea (in 84% of the patients), nausea (in 54%), fatigue (in 51%), hypophosphatemia (in 42%), and maculopapular rash (in 32%); 95% of adverse events were of grade 1 or 2. Among women of childbearing potential receiving nirogacestat, 27 of 36 (75%) had adverse events consistent with ovarian dysfunction, which resolved in 20 women (74%). Conclusions Nirogacestat was associated with significant benefits with respect to progression-free survival, objective response, pain, symptom burden, physical functioning, role functioning, and health-related quality of life in adults with progressing desmoid tumors. Adverse events with nirogacestat were frequent but mostly low grade. (Funded by SpringWorks Therapeutics; DeFi ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03785964.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-912
Number of pages15
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume388
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Genetics General
  • Hematology/Oncology
  • Hematology/Oncology General
  • Treatments in Oncology

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