New paradigms in the diagnosis and management of endometriosis

Shahryar K. Kavoussi, Courtney S. Lim, Bethany D. Skinner, Dan I. Lebovic, Sawsan As-Sanie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review Endometriosis is a common gynecologic condition estimated to affect 10-15% of reproductive-aged women, 30% of women with subfertility, and 80% of women with chronic pelvic pain. Although mainstays of diagnosis and treatment are still commonly applied, there have been various advances in the modalities of diagnosis and management of this complex condition. This article provides an updated review of novel findings regarding the diagnosis and management of this challenging disease. Recent findings Despite an abundance of studies on noninvasive diagnostic markers for endometriosis, there is no single imaging study, biomarker or panel of biomarkers that has been validated for clinical diagnosis. New technologies, such as use of indocyanine green and fluorescence, which visualize neovascularization often associated with endometriosis may improve diagnostic detection of endometriosis at the time surgery, but have not been demonstrated to improve pain outcomes after surgery. Hormone suppression remains the mainstay therapy prior to and following surgery. Although most methods demonstrate similar efficacy in reducing endometriosis-associated pain, newer pharmacologic agents that may prove advantageous include oral gonadotropin receptor antagonists, selective progesterone receptor modulators, and angiogenesis inhibitors. Summary Although there have been some advances in the study of noninvasive imaging and biomarkers, more investigation into effective modalities are being conducted and are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-276
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • diagnosis
  • endometriosis
  • management

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