Dissection of the mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) enzyme system in terms of its structure/function relationships has proved to be a formidable task. Although no one formulation has gained universal agreement we believe that the weight of evidence supports a model with the following features: a) in any given tissue CPT I and CPT II are distinct proteins: b) CPT I, unlike CPT II, is detergent labile: c) within a species CPT II is expressed body wide, whereas CPT I exists as tissue specific isoforms; d) malonyl-CoA and other CPT I inhibitors probably interact at the catalytic center of the enzyme, not with a regulatory subunit. The amino acid sequences of rat and human CPT II (deduced from cDNA clones) show them to be similar proteins (> 80% identity) but encoded by mRNAs of significantly different sizes. Efforts to clone and sequence the cDNA for rat liver CPT I are presently underway.
- carnitine palmitoyltransferase