Neutrophils and Neutrophil Products Do Not Mediate Pulmonary Hemodynamic Effects of Endotoxin on Oleic Acid-Induced Lung Injury

Laureen L. Hill, Delphine L. Chen, James Kozlowski, Daniel P. Schuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Small-dose endotoxin (Etx) prevents pulmonary perfusion redistribution away from edematous dorsal lung regions after oleic acid (OA)-induced injury in dogs, causing a significant deterioration in oxygenation. We hypothesized that small-dose Etx might mediate this effect via polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) priming with release of inflammatory mediators such as platelet activating factor (PAF) or secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2). To test this hypothesis, we administered specific inhibitors directed against each mediator and used two strategies to generate neutropenia. PAF and sPLA 2 inhibitors were administered before OA injury, followed 2 h later by small-dose Etx (n = 4 each group). PMN depletion was achieved by, hydroxyurea administration for 5 days before the study to achieve absolute neutrophil counts <1000/mm3 (n = 4). Inhibition of PMN adherence to lung endothelium was achieved by the administration of an anti-CD18 monoclonal antibody immediately before lung injury (n = 5). Positron emission tomography was used to evaluate pulmonary perfusion distribution and lung water content We observed no effect of these interventions on the perfusion pattern after Etx + OA. Thus, neither neutrophils nor PAF or sPLA2 mediate the effects of Etx on the pattern of perfusion in this model of lung injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-457
Number of pages6
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

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