Neurosurgery residency and fellowship education in the United States: 2 decades of system development by the One Neurosurgery Summit organizations

Nathan R. Selden, Nicholas M. Barbaro, Daniel L. Barrow, H. Hunt Batjer, Charles L. Branch, Kim J. Burchiel, Richard W. Byrne, Ralph G. Dacey, Arthur L. Day, Robert J. Dempsey, Pamela Derstine, Allan H. Friedman, Steven L. Giannotta, M. Sean Grady, Griffith R. Harsh IV, Robert E. Harbaugh, Timothy B. Mapstone, Karin M. Muraszko, Thomas C. Origitano, Katie O. OrricoA. John Popp, Oren Sagher, Warren R. Selman, Gregg J. Zipfel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The purpose of this report is to chronicle a 2-decade period of educational innovation and improvement, as well as governance reform, across the specialty of neurological surgery. Neurological surgery educational and professional governance systems have evolved substantially over the past 2 decades with the goal of improving training outcomes, patient safety, and the quality of US neurosurgical care. Innovations during this period have included the following: creating a consensus national curriculum; standardizing the length and structure of neurosurgical training; introducing educational outcomes milestones and required case minimums; establishing national skills, safety, and professionalism courses; systematically accrediting subspecialty fellowships; expanding professional development for educators; promoting training in research; and coordinating policy and strategy through the cooperation of national stakeholder organizations. A series of education summits held between 2007 and 2009 restructured some aspects of neurosurgical residency training. Since 2010, ongoing meetings of the One Neurosurgery Summit have provided strategic coordination for specialty definition, neurosurgical education, public policy, and governance. The Summit now includes leadership representatives from the Society of Neurological Surgeons, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, the American Board of Neurological Surgery, the Review Committee for Neurological Surgery of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, the American Academy of Neurological Surgery, and the AANS/ CNS Joint Washington Committee. Together, these organizations have increased the effectiveness and efficiency of the specialty of neurosurgery in advancing educational best practices, aligning policymaking, and coordinating strategic planning in order to meet the highest standards of professionalism and promote public health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-574
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • curriculum
  • education
  • governance
  • history
  • milestones
  • neurosurgery
  • professional societies


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