Many different 3α-hydroxysteroids in the androstane and pregnane steroid series enhance the actions of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) at GABA type-A (GABAA) receptors in the mammalian central nervous system. Recent studies have shown that (3α,5α)-3-hydroxyandrostan-17-one (androsterone) is less active at these receptors than its enantiomer ent-androsterone. Further structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies are needed to explore the structural features of ent-androsterone that are important for its enhanced action at these receptors. Molecular modeling shows that 2β-hydroxysteroids are similar in three-dimensional shape to the enantiomers of 3α-hydroxysteroids. The development of synthetic methods to gain access to C17-substituted analogues of 2β-hydroxygonanes for SAR studies is demonstrated with the synthesis of (2β,5α,14β)-2-hydroxygonan-17-one.
- Abnormal Beckmann rearrangement