Neuronal injury-induced expression and release of apolipoprotein E in mixed neuron/glia co-cultures: Nuclear factor κB inhibitors reduce basal and lesion-induced secretion of apolipoprotein E

V. Petegnief, J. Saura, N. De Gregorio-Rocasolano, S. M. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to better delineate the intracellular signaling pathways underlying glial apolipoprotein E (apoE) expression and release, we have characterized an in vitro model of induction of glial apoE production induced by neuronal death. Exposure of mixed fetal cortical neuron/glia co-cultures to the neurotoxin N-methyl-D-aspartate results in increased apoE expression and release in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Increased expression of apoE messenger RNA precedes the increase in intracellular apoE, followed by accumulation of the holoprotein in the culture medium. Neuronal injury induced by N-methyl-D-aspartate is accompanied by a reactive astrogliosis as measured by an increase in glial fibrillary acidic protein messenger RNA and protein at 48 and 72 h post-lesion, respectively. A similar microgliosis was observed using the microglial marker ED-1. Neuronal injury-induced glial apoE secretion is attenuated by the nuclear factor κB inhibitors, aspirin, Bay 11-7082 and MG-132, suggesting that this transcription factor is involved in both constitutive and induced glial apoE expression. The present data show that up-regulation of apoE is an early event in the glial activation triggered by neurodegeneration in vitro and that activation of nuclear factor κB directly or indirectly mediates the increase in apoE expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-234
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroscience
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Apolipoprotein E
  • Glial activation
  • NF-κB
  • Neuronal injury

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