Neurite imaging reveals microstructural variations in human cerebral cortical gray matter

Hikaru Fukutomi, Matthew F. Glasser, Hui Zhang, Joonas A. Autio, Timothy S. Coalson, Tomohisa Okada, Kaori Togashi, David C. Van Essen, Takuya Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present distinct patterns of neurite distribution in the human cerebral cortex using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We analyzed both high-resolution structural (T1w and T2w images) and diffusion MRI data in 505 subjects from the Human Connectome Project. Neurite distributions were evaluated using the neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) model, optimized for gray matter, and mapped onto the cortical surface using a method weighted towards the cortical mid-thickness to reduce partial volume effects. The estimated neurite density was high in both somatosensory and motor areas, early visual and auditory areas, and middle temporal area (MT), showing a strikingly similar distribution to myelin maps estimated from the T1w/T2w ratio. The estimated neurite orientation dispersion was particularly high in early sensory areas, which are known for dense tangential fibers and are classified as granular cortex by classical anatomists. Spatial gradients of these cortical neurite properties revealed transitions that colocalize with some areal boundaries in a recent multi-modal parcellation of the human cerebral cortex, providing mutually supportive evidence. Our findings indicate that analyzing the cortical gray matter neurite morphology using diffusion MRI and NODDI provides valuable information regarding cortical microstructure that is related to but complementary to myeloarchitecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-499
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroImage
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2018

Keywords

  • Bands of baillarger
  • Cortical mapping
  • Myeloarchitecture
  • Neurite density
  • Orientation dispersion

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    Fukutomi, H., Glasser, M. F., Zhang, H., Autio, J. A., Coalson, T. S., Okada, T., Togashi, K., Van Essen, D. C., & Hayashi, T. (2018). Neurite imaging reveals microstructural variations in human cerebral cortical gray matter. NeuroImage, 182, 488-499. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.02.017