Neural oscillations carry speech rhythm through to comprehension

Jonathan E. Peelle, Matthew H. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

314 Scopus citations


A key feature of speech is the quasi-regular rhythmic information contained in its slow ampli- tude modulations. In this article we review the information conveyed by speech rhythm, and the role of ongoing brain oscillations in listeners' processing of this content. Our start- ing point is the fact that speech is inherently temporal, and that rhythmic information conveyed by the amplitude envelope contains important markers for place and manner of articulation, segmental information, and speech rate. Behavioral studies demonstrate that amplitude envelope information is relied upon by listeners and plays a key role in speech intelligibility. Extending behavioral findings, data from neuroimaging - particularly electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) - point to phase lock- ing by ongoing cortical oscillations to low-frequency information (~4-8 Hz) in the speech envelope.This phase modulation effectively encodes a prediction of when important events (such as stressed syllables) are likely to occur, and acts to increase sensitivity to these rel- evant acoustic cues. We suggest a framework through which such neural entrainment to speech rhythm can explain effects of speech rate on word and segment perception (i.e., that the perception of phonemes and words in connected speech is influenced by preced- ing speech rate). Neuroanatomically, acoustic amplitude modulations are processed largely bilaterally in auditory cortex, with intelligible speech resulting in differential recruitment of left-hemisphere regions. Notable among these is lateral anterior temporal cortex, which we propose functions in a domain-general fashion to support ongoing memory and integration of meaningful input. Together, the reviewed evidence suggests that low-frequency oscilla- tions in the acoustic speech signal form the foundation of a rhythmic hierarchy supporting spoken language, mirrored by phase-locked oscillations in the human brain.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberArticle 320
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Issue numberSEP
StatePublished - 2012


  • Intelligibility
  • Language
  • Oscillations
  • Phase locking
  • Speech comprehension
  • Speech rate
  • Theta


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