Complex extremity nerve injuries are a challenging problem for the reconstructive surgeon. Traditionally, nerve grafts or tendon transfers have provided options for restoration of function. Advances in nerve repair and in the understanding of the internal topography of the nerve have contributed to the development of nerve transfers. Nerve-to-nerve transfers offer a superior alternative for functional restoration in isolated or multiple nerve injuries when early reinnervation of the target end organ is necessary, such as in proximal injuries or in delayed treatment. Expendable sensory or motor axons close to the end organ allow for earlier regeneration and preclude the need for nerve grafts. Assessment and criteria for nerve transfers as well as the management and surgical techniques for well-established nerve transfers are described herein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-222
Number of pages10
JournalOperative Techniques in Orthopaedics
Issue number3 SPEC. ISS.
StatePublished - Jul 2004


  • Nerve regeneration
  • Nerve repair
  • Nerve transfer


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