Nerve stepping stone has minimal impact in aiding regeneration across long acellular nerve allografts

Ying Yan, Daniel A. Hunter, Lauren Schellhardt, Xueping Ee, Alison K. Snyder-Warwick, Amy M. Moore, Susan E. Mackinnon, Matthew D. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Acellular nerve allografts (ANAs) yield less consistent favorable outcomes compared with autografts for long gap reconstructions. We evaluated whether a hybrid ANA can improve 6-cm gap reconstruction. Methods: Rat sciatic nerve was transected and repaired with either 6-cm hybrid or control ANAs. Hybrid ANAs were generated using a 1-cm cellular isograft between 2.5-cm ANAs, whereas control ANAs had no isograft. Outcomes were assessed by graft gene and marker expression (n = 4; at 4 weeks) and motor recovery and nerve histology (n = 10; at 20 weeks). Results: Hybrid ANAs modified graft gene and marker expression and promoted modest axon regeneration across the 6-cm defect compared with control ANA (P < 0.05), but yielded no muscle recovery. Control ANAs had no appreciable axon regeneration across the 6-cm defect. Discussion: A hybrid ANA confers minimal motor recovery benefits for regeneration across long gaps. Clinically, the authors will continue to reconstruct long nerve gaps with autografts. Muscle Nerve 57: 260–267, 2018.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-267
Number of pages8
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • acellular nerve allograft
  • autograft
  • nerve regeneration
  • peripheral nerve
  • senescence

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