Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy is Associated with Increased Risk of Postoperative DVT After Distal Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: a NSQIP Analysis

Keenan J. Robbins, Kenneth F. Newcomer, Erica K. Barnell, Michael A. Anzelmo, Jingxia Liu, William G. Hawkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a persistent source of postoperative morbidity despite prevention and mitigation efforts. Cancer, surgery, and chemotherapy are known risk factors for VTE. Existing literature suggests that neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) may contribute to increased VTE risk in the postoperative period, but few authors specifically examine this relationship in distal pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In this study, we analyze the association of NAT and postoperative VTE in patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy (DP) for PDAC. Patients and Methods: Using the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database, we analyzed the Procedure Targeted files for pancreatectomy from 2014 to 2020. Adults with PDAC who underwent DP were grouped by receipt of NAT. The primary outcome was the rate of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and the secondary outcome was the rate of pulmonary embolism (PE). We performed univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis to determine risk factors associated with postoperative DVT. Results: There were 4327 patients with PDAC who underwent DP. Of these, 1414 (32.7%) had NAT. Receipt of NAT was significantly associated with postoperative DVT requiring therapy (3.5% vs. 2.3%, p = 0.02), but was not associated with PE (p = 0.42). On MVA, NAT was associated with a 73% greater chance of developing postoperative DVT [odds ratio (OR) 1.73, 95% CI 1.18–2.55]. Conclusions: Patients who receive NAT prior to DP for PDAC are 73% more likely to develop postoperative DVT compared with upfront resection. As NAT becomes more commonplace, these high-risk patients should be prioritized for guideline-recommended extended duration prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2873-2881
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

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