Naturalistic Bladder Filling Reveals Subtypes in Overactive Bladder Syndrome That Differentially Engages Urinary Urgency-Related Brain Circuits: Results From the Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network (LURN)

Ishtiaq Mawla, Andrew Schrepf, Jason J. Kutch, Margaret E. Helmuth, Abigail R. Smith, Eric Ichesco, Claire C. Yang, Victor P. Andreev, Karl J. Kreder, Catherine S. Bradley, Vincent A. Magnotta, Ziya Kirkali, Richard E. Harris, H. Henry Lai, Steven E. Harte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Overactive bladder (OAB) may be attributed to dysfunction in supraspinal brain circuits. Overactive bladder participants enrolled in the LURN (Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network) study reported sensations of urinary urgency during a bladder-filling paradigm while undergoing brain functional MRI to map supraspinal dysfunction. Materials and Methods: OAB participants and controls (CONs) completed 2 resting-state functional MRI scans following consumption of 350 mL water. Scans were conducted at fuller and emptier bladder states, interleaved with voiding. Urgency ratings (0-10) were assessed. Patterns of urgency during bladder filling were investigated using latent class trajectory models. Clusters of participants encompassing each pattern (ie, subtype) were derived from aggregated groups of OAB and CON independent of diagnosis. Results: Two distinct patterns of urgency trajectories were revealed: first subtype with OAB and CON who were unresponsive to bladder filling (OAB-1 and CON-1) and second highly responsive subtype predominantly containing OAB (OAB-2). OAB-2 participants scored significantly higher on urinary symptoms but not pain or psychosocial measures. Neuroimaging analyses showed change in urgency due to both bladder filling and voided volume related to multiple loci of brain network connectivity in OAB-2, and in some cases, different than OAB-1 and/or CON-1. Sensorimotor to dorsomedial/ dorsolateral prefrontal connectivity mediated the relationship between stimulus (voided volume) and percept (urgency) in OAB-2. Conclusions: Our results reveal different OAB subtypes with latent class trajectory models of urgency ratings during natural bladder filling. Functional MRI revealed differences in pathophysiology between subtypes, namely sensorimotor-prefrontal connectivity is a key locus in OAB patients with higher urinary symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-123
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume211
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

Keywords

  • brain imaging
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • overactive bladder
  • pathophysiology
  • urinary urgency

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