Natural linewidth chemical shift imaging (NL-CSI)

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29 Scopus citations


The discrete Fourier transform (FT) is a conventional method for spatial reconstruction of chemical shifting imaging (CSD) data. Due to point spread function (PSF) effects, FT reconstruction leads to intervoxel signal leakage (Gibbs ringing). Spectral localization by imaging (SLIM) reconstruction was previously proposed to overcome this intervoxel signal contamination. However, the existence of magnetic field inhomogeneities creates an additional source of intervoxel signal leakage. It is demonstrated herein that even small field inhomogeneities substantially amplify intervoxel signal leakage in both FT and SLIM reconstruction approaches. A new CSI data acquisition strategy and reconstruction algorithm (natural linewidth (NL) CSI) is presented that eliminates effects of magnetic field inhomogeneity-induced intervoxel signal leakage and intravoxel phase dispersion on acquired data. The approach is based on acquired CSI data, high-resolution images, and magnetic field maps. The data are reconstructed based on the imaged object structure (as in the SLIM approach) and a reconstruction matrix that takes into account the inhomogeneous field distribution inside anatomically homogeneous compartments. Phantom and in vivo results show that the new method allows field inhomogeneity effects from the acquired MR signal to be removed so that the signal decay is determined only by the "natural" R2 relaxation rate constant (hence the term "natural linewidth" CSI).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-18
Number of pages12
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2006


  • CSI
  • Gibbs ringing
  • Image reconstruction
  • Magnetic field inhomogeneities
  • NL-CSI


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