Granzyme (Gzm) B-deficient mice obtained by gene targeting were used to assess the role of Gzm B in the mechanisms used by natural killer (NK) and lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells to destroy target cells. Gzm B(-/-) NK cells, LAK cells, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) all are defective in their ability to rapidly induce DNA fragmentation/apoptosis in susceptible target cells. This defect can be partially corrected with long incubation times of effector and target cells. Moreover, Gzm B(-/-) NK cells (but not CTL or LAK cells) exhibit a defect in 51Cr release from susceptible target cells. This 51Cr release defect in Gzm B-deficient NK cells is also not overcome by prolonged incubation times or high effector-to-target cell ratios. We conclude that Gzm B plays a critical and nonredundant role in the rapid induction of DNA fragmentation/apoptosis by NK cells, LAK cells, and CTL. Gzm B may have an additional role in NK cells (but not in CTL or LAK cells) for mediating 51Cr release.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jun 6 1995|
- cell-mediated cytotoxicity