nab-Sirolimus for Patients With Malignant Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Tumors

Andrew J. Wagner, Vinod Ravi, Richard F. Riedel, Kristen Ganjoo, Brian A. Van Tine, Rashmi Chugh, Lee Cranmer, Erlinda M. Gordon, Jason L. Hornick, Heng Du, Berta Grigorian, Anita N. Schmid, Shihe Hou, Katherine Harris, David J. Kwiatkowski, Neil P. Desai, Mark A. Dickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare aggressive sarcoma, with no approved treatment. To our knowledge, this phase II, single-arm, registration trial is the first prospective clinical trial in this disease, investigating the safety and efficacy of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor nab-sirolimus (AMPECT, NCT02494570). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with malignant PEComa were treated with nab-sirolimus 100 mg/m2 intravenously once weekly for 2 weeks in 3-week cycles. The primary end point was objective response rate evaluated by independent radiology review. Key secondary end points included duration of response, progression-free survival, and safety. A key exploratory end point was tumor biomarker analysis. RESULTS Thirty-four patients were treated (safety evaluable), and 31 were evaluable for efficacy. The overall response rate was 39% (12 of 31; 95% CI, 22 to 58) with one complete and 11 partial responses, 52% (16 of 31) of patients had stable disease, and 10% (3 of 31) had progressive disease. Responses were of rapid onset (67% by week 6) and durable. Median duration of response was not reached after a median follow-up for response of 2.5 years, with 7 of 12 responders with treatment ongoing (range, 5.6-47.21 months). Twenty-five of 31 patients had tumor mutation profiling: 8 of 9 (89%) patients with a TSC2 mutation achieved a confirmed response versus 2 of 16 (13%) without TSC2 mutation (P, .001). The median progression-free survival was 10.6 months (95% CI, 5.5 months to not reached), and the median overall survival was 40.8 months (95% CI, 22.2 months to not reached). Most treatment-related adverse events were grade 1 or 2 and were manageable for long-term treatment. No grade $ 4 treatment-related events occurred. CONCLUSION nab-Sirolimus is active in patients with malignant PEComa. The response rate, durability of response, disease control rate, and safety profile support that nab-sirolimus represents an important new treatment option for this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3660-3670
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume39
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2021

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