nab-Paclitaxel and cisplatin followed by cisplatin and radiation (Arm 1) and nab-paclitaxel followed by cetuximab and radiation (Arm 2) for locally advanced head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma: a multicenter, non-randomized phase 2 trial

Peter Oppelt, Jessica Ley, Mackenzie Daly, Jason Rich, Randal Paniello, Ryan S. Jackson, Patrik Pipkorn, Jingxia Liu, Hiram Gay, Kevin Palka, Prakash Neupane, Steven Powell, William C. Spanos, Mark Gitau, Jose Zevallos, Wade Thorstad, Douglas Adkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In locally advanced head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma (LA-HNSCC), clinical complete response (cCR) at the primary site, assessed by clinical examination, after induction chemotherapy predicts for a low relapse risk after subsequent chemoradiotherapy. Prior studies showed a cCR rate of 77% with induction nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel given with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (APF). The primary aims of this non-randomized phase 2 trial were to determine the cCR rate after induction nab-paclitaxel and cisplatin (Arm 1) and after nab-paclitaxel monotherapy (Arm 2). Eligibility required LA-HNSCC, T2-T4 stage classification, and suitable (Arm 1) or unsuitable (Arm 2) candidates for cisplatin. Arm 1 patients received nab-paclitaxel and cisplatin, then cisplatin with radiation. Arm 2 patients received nab-paclitaxel, then cetuximab with radiation. The primary endpoint was cCR after two cycles of induction chemotherapy. Each arm enrolled forty patients. cCR at the primary site occurred in 28 patients (70%) after nab-paclitaxel and cisplatin and in 8 patients (20%) after nab-paclitaxel monotherapy. The overall clinical response rate was 98% after nab-paclitaxel and cisplatin and 90% after nab-paclitaxel monotherapy. In subset analyses, cCR rates by T stage classifications (T2, T3, T4) were 54, 86, and 69% after nab-paclitaxel and cisplatin, and 14, 11, and 26% after nab-paclitaxel. cCR rates by human papillomavirus status (p16 positive oropharynx vs other) were 72 and 64% after nab-paclitaxel and cisplatin and 35 and 9% after nab-paclitaxel. The cCR rate after nab-paclitaxel and cisplatin was similar to APF; however, the cCR rate after nab-paclitaxel monotherapy was lower. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02573493 on October 9, 2015.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalMedical Oncology
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Cetuximab
  • Cisplatin
  • Head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma
  • Radiation
  • nab-paclitaxel

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