Myofibroblastic stromal hyperplasia (MSH) is the proposed name for a benign spindle cell proliferation of the mammary stroma, which often raises clinical and radiographic concern for a mass or a malignant process. Ten cases were retrieved from the files of our institution. All presented as a mammographic abnormality. Patients ranged in age from 24 to 67 years. Seven were <50 years old. The salient histopathologic aspect was the proliferation of benign appearing spindle cell within the intralobular stroma. The most common pattern was a diffuse proliferation of compact spindle cells with areas of perilobular/periductal accentuation. Mitotic activity and atypia were not seen. Tumor cells were positive for CD34 and SMA and negative for estrogen receptor, Beta-catenin, and p63. Only one of the cases demonstrated an associated lesion that explained the mammographic abnormality. Follow-up was available for four cases and was uneventful. MSH has overlapping features with the fascicular pattern of PASH and is likely related to pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) but differs in that does not demonstrate pseudovascular structures and it predominantly involves perilobular stroma. Recognition of this pattern will avoid discordant radiologic pathologic findings and unnecessary surgery/repeat biopsies.