Myocardial proinflammatory cytokine expression and left ventricular remodeling in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation

Hakan Oral, Natarajan Sivasubramanian, David B. Dyke, Rajendra H. Mehta, P. Michael Grossman, Kerri Briesmiester, William P. Fay, Francis D. Pagani, Steven F. Bolling, Douglas L. Mann, Mark R. Starling

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Abstract

Background - In an animal model, stretch was shown to induce myocardial tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression. The purposes of this study were to determine whether the left ventricular (LV) volume overload that occurs in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) can induce myocardial and systemic TNF-α expression and whether there is a relationship between TNF-α expression and LV remodeling. Methods and Results - Plasma TNF-α and its receptors were measured before mitral valve (MV) repair surgery in 26 MR patients and 23±12 months after MV repair surgery in 9 MR patients. Myocardial mRNA copies of TNF-α were determined in 11 MR and 10 donor hearts using quantitative RT-PCR. Compared with 15 control subjects, pre-MV repair plasma TNF-α (3.59±1.81 versus 2.03±1.02 pg/mL, P<0.005) and its receptor levels were elevated in MR patients. Myocardial TNF-α mRNA copies (corrected for β-actin mRNA expression) in MR patients and donor hearts were 38.96±42.74 × 106 and 0.88±0.75 × 106, respectively (P=0.01). After MV surgery, there was a decrease in the plasma levels of TNF-α (2.79±1.14 versus 3.51±1.34 pg/mL, P=0.02) and its receptors. There was a correlation between myocardial TNF-α expression and preoperative LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes. Moreover, there was an inverse correlation between myocardial TNF-a expression and regression in LV end-diastolic (r=-0.76, P=0.007) and end-systolic (r=-0.73, P=0.01) volumes after MV surgery. Conclusions - TNF-α is expressed in the myocardium and plasma of MR patients. Correction of the LV volume overload with MV surgery results in reversal of TNF-α expression. There is a relationship between TNF-α expression and parameters of LV remodeling, suggesting that TNF-α may play a role in the pathogenesis of the LV remodeling that occurs in MR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-837
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume107
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Hemodynamics
  • Mitral valve
  • Remodeling
  • Surgery

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    Oral, H., Sivasubramanian, N., Dyke, D. B., Mehta, R. H., Grossman, P. M., Briesmiester, K., Fay, W. P., Pagani, F. D., Bolling, S. F., Mann, D. L., & Starling, M. R. (2003). Myocardial proinflammatory cytokine expression and left ventricular remodeling in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation. Circulation, 107(6), 831-837. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000049745.38594.6D