Myocardial infarction in rat eliminates regional heterogeneity of AP profiles, Ito K+ currents, and [Ca2+]i transients

Roger Kaprielian, Rajan Sah, Tin Nguyen, Alan D. Wickenden, Peter H. Backx

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47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transient outward K+ current density (Ito) has been shown to vary between different regions of the normal myocardium and to be reduced in heart disease. In this study, we measured regional changes in action potential duration (APD), Ito, and intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients of ventricular myocytes derived from the right ventricular free wall (RVW) and interventricular septum (SEP) 8 wk after myocardial infarction (MI). At +40 mV, Ito density in sham-operated hearts was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in the RVW (15.0 ± 0.8 pA/pF, n = 47) compared with the SEP (7.0 ± 1.1 pA/pF, n = 18). After MI, Ito density was not reduced in SEP myocytes but was reduced (P < 0.01) in RVW myocytes (8.7 ± 1.0 pA/pF, n = 26) to levels indistinguishable from post-MI SEP myocytes. These changes in Ito density correlated with Kv4.2 (but not Kv4.3) protein expression. By contrast, Ky1.4 expression was significantly higher in the RVW compared with the SEP and increased significantly after MI in RVW. APD measured at 50% or 90% repolarization was prolonged, whereas peak [Ca2+]i transients amplitude was higher in the SEP compared with the RVW in sham myocytes. These regional differences in APD and [Ca2+]i transients were eliminated by MI. Our results demonstrate that the significant regional differences in Ito density, APD, and [Ca2+]i between RVW and SEP are linked to a variation in Kv4.2 expression, which largely disappears after MI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1157-H1168
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume283
Issue number3 52-3
StatePublished - Sep 7 2002

Keywords

  • Contraction
  • Heart disease
  • Right ventricle
  • Septum

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