Interactions of neutrophils with endothelial cells (ECs) and platelets contribute to tissue damage and vascular occlusion under sterile inflammatory conditions. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating the cell-cell interactions remain poorly understood. Previous studies suggest that reactive oxygen species, such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), produced from NADPH oxidase 2 play a critical role in platelet-neutrophil interactions by regulating the function of neutrophil αMβ2 integrin during sterile inflammation. In this study, we further demonstrate a crucial role for myeloperoxidase (MPO) in regulating the adhesive function of neutrophils through αMβ2 integrin. Using real-time fluorescence intravital microscopy and in vitro assays, we showed that loss of MPO promoted neutrophil-EC interactions and neutrophil emigration but did not affect neutrophil-platelet interactions under inflammatory conditions. Using genetic and pharmacologic approaches, we found that following agonist stimulation, MPO knockout (KO) neutrophils exhibited a significant increase in extracellular H2O2 and surface level of αMβ2 integrin and that these effects were dependent on MPO activity. Our in vivo studies using an ischemia/reperfusion-induced hepatic inflammation model revealed that compared to wild-type mice, neutrophils from MPO KO mice-displayed a pro-migratory phenotype while ameliorating tissue damage. These results suggest that MPO plays a negative role in the adhesive and migratory function of neutrophils by impairing αMβ2 integrin function under sterile inflammatory conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134
JournalFrontiers in Medicine
Issue numberMAY
StatePublished - May 1 2018


  • Intravital microscopy
  • Myeloperoxidase
  • Neutrophil
  • Vascular inflammation
  • αMβ2 integrin


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