Owing to the prevalence of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in cancer and their unique influence upon disease progression and malignancy, macrophage-targeted interventions have attracted notable attention in cancer immunotherapy. However, tractable targets to reduce TAM activities remain very few and far between because the signaling mechanisms underpinning protumor macrophage phenotypes are largely unknown. Here, we have investigated the role of the extracellular-regulated protein kinase 5 (ERK5) as a determinant of macrophage polarity. We report that the growth of carcinoma grafts was halted in myeloid ERK5-deficient mice. Coincidentally, targeting ERK5 in macrophages induced a transcriptional switch in favor of proinflammatory mediators. Further molecular analyses demonstrated that activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) via Tyr705 phosphorylation was impaired in erk5-deleted TAMs. Our study thus suggests that blocking ERK5 constitutes a treatment strategy to reprogram macrophages toward an antitumor state by inhibiting STAT3-induced gene expression.
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Mar 20 2018|