Optic perineuritis can be a manifestation of infectious and systemic inflammatory disorders, but the majority of cases are idiopathic. Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-IgG-positive optic neuritis has been reported to be associated with optic nerve sheath enhancement. This report describes two MOG-IgG patients with clinical, radiological and therapeutic response consistent with optic perineuritis. MOG-IgG may account for many cases of previously described idiopathic optic perineuritis. Vision loss with optic nerve sheath enhancement on MRI should prompt testing for MOG-IgG.
- Optic perineuritis
- aquaporin-4 (AQP4)
- myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)
- optic nerve sheath
- optic neuritis