My anesthesia Choice-HF: development and preliminary testing of a tool to facilitate conversations about anesthesia for hip fracture surgery

Mark D. Neuman, Glyn Elwyn, Veena Graff, Viktoria Schmitz, Mary C. Politi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients often desire involvement in anesthesia decisions, yet clinicians rarely explain anesthesia options or elicit preferences. We developed My Anesthesia Choice-Hip Fracture, a conversation aid about anesthesia options for hip fracture surgery and tested its preliminary efficacy and acceptability. Methods: We developed a 1-page, tabular format, plain-language conversation aid with feedback from anesthesiologists, decision scientists, and community advisors. We conducted an online survey of English-speaking adults aged 50 and older. Participants imagined choosing between spinal and general anesthesia for hip fracture surgery. Before and after viewing the aid, participants answered a series of questions regarding key outcomes, including decisional conflict, knowledge about anesthesia options, and acceptability of the aid. Results: Of 364/409 valid respondents, mean age was 64 (SD 8.9) and 59% were female. The proportion indicating decisional conflict decreased after reviewing the aid (63–34%, P < 0.001). Median knowledge scores increased from 50% correct to 67% correct (P < 0.001). 83% agreed that the aid would help them discuss options and preferences. 76.4% would approve of doctors using it. Conclusion: My Anesthesia Choice-Hip Fracture decreased decisional conflict and increased knowledge about anesthesia choices for hip fracture surgery. Respondents assessed it as acceptable for use in clinical settings. Practice implications: Use of clinical decision aids may increase shared decision-making; further testing is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165
JournalBMC Anesthesiology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Conversation aid
  • General and spinal anesthesia
  • Hip fractures
  • Patient-centered outcomes
  • Shared decision-making

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