Mutator strains of Escherichia coli, mutD and dnaQ, with defective exonucleolytic editing by DNA polymerase III holoenzyme

H. Echols, C. Lu, P. M.J. Burgers

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109 Scopus citations

Abstract

The closely linked mutD and dnaQ mutations confer a vastly increased mutation rate on Escherichia coli and thus might define a gene with a central role in the fidelity of DNA replication. To look for the biochemical function of the mutD gene product, we have measured the 3'→5' exonucleolytic editing activity of polymerase III holoenzyme from mutD5 and dnaQ49 mutants. The editing activities of the mutant enzymes are defective compared to wild type, as judged by two assays: (i) decreased excision of a terminal mispaired base from a copolymer substrate and (ii) turnover of dTTP to dTMP during replication with a phage G4 DNA template. Thus, the mutD (dnaQ) gene product is likely to control the editing (proofreading) capacity of polymerase III holoenzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2189-2192
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume80
Issue number8 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

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