A multivariate analysis of prognostic variables was performed on a retrospective review of 136 patients with presumed or histologically proven primary lesions of the thalamus and brainstem treated by combined surgery and post-operative irradiation or by irradiation alone from January 1950 through December 1983. Overall survival for all patients at 5 and 10 years was 34.4 and 27.8%, respectively. Follow-up of 33 living patients ranged from 3 to 22 years. Prognostic variables analyzed by univariate analysis and found to be of significance (p < 0.05) were race, duration of symptoms, extent of surgery (i.e. subtotal excision), and dose of irradiation. Further evaluation by Cox regression analysis revealed these same factors to be of prognostic significance (p < 0.05). It is of importance to note that age and tumor site were not significant prognostic variables in the multivariate analysis but were significant by univariate analysis. The 5-year overall survival for patients with thalamic tumors was 59.5 and 20.9% for children and adults, respectively (p = 0.006). The 5-year overall survival for patients with pontine lesions was 46.6 and 16.0% for adults and children, respectively (p = 0.01). Only one patient was known to have expired due to a complication of therapy. Neurologic deficits and functional ability was normal or mild in 57.6% of the surviving patients.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics|
|State||Published - Mar 1989|