Multiple-stage mass spectrometric analysis of complex oligosaccharide antibiotics (everninomicins) in a quadrupole ion trap

Guodong Chen, Birendra N. Pramanik, Peter L. Bartner, Anil K. Saksena, Michael L. Gross

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Electrospray ionization (ESI) quadrupole ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) was utilized to characterize a class of complex oligosaccharide antibiotics (everninomicins) that include SCH 27899, everninomicin-D, amino everninomicin (SCH 27900), and SCH 49088 (containing a hydroxylamino-ether sugar). The addition of sodium chloride (∼1 μg/mL) facilitates the formation of abundant metal complex ions, and this was used because protonation does not readily occur for most of these compounds. The multiple-stage mass analysis (MSn) of the sodiated species provides an important series of fragment ions that are specific for sugar sequence and for some sugar-ring opening. These data suggest a general charge-remote fragmentation pattern with the sodium cation residing in a specific, central location of the sugar chain and fragmentation occurring to trim the end of the molecule. For protonated everninomicin (SCH 27900), however, the proton appears to be mobile during the collisional activation process, opening different fragmentation pathways depending on the proton location. The use of water and acetonitrile with 0.1% acetic acid as the solvent in ESI-MS promotes rapid hydrolysis of the central ortho ester, resulting in the formation of abundant sodiated products that are hydrated. These product ions of the hydrated molecules are likely formed by the same charge-remote fragmentation processes as those that occur for the unhydrolyzed precursor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1313-1321
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2002


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