Multiple peptidoglycan modification networks modulate helicobacter pylori's cell shape, motility, and colonization potential

Laura K. Sycuro, Timna J. Wyckoff, Jacob Biboy, Petra Born, Zachary Pincus, Waldemar Vollmer, Nina R. Salama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Helical cell shape of the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori has been suggested to promote virulence through viscosity-dependent enhancement of swimming velocity. However, H. pylori csd1 mutants, which are curved but lack helical twist, show normal velocity in viscous polymer solutions and the reason for their deficiency in stomach colonization has remained unclear. Characterization of new rod shaped mutants identified Csd4, a DL-carboxypeptidase of peptidoglycan (PG) tripeptide monomers and Csd5, a putative scaffolding protein. Morphological and biochemical studies indicated Csd4 tripeptide cleavage and Csd1 crosslinking relaxation modify the PG sacculus through independent networks that coordinately generate helical shape. csd4 mutants show attenuation of stomach colonization, but no change in proinflammatory cytokine induction, despite four-fold higher levels of Nod1-agonist tripeptides in the PG sacculus. Motility analysis of similarly shaped mutants bearing distinct alterations in PG modifications revealed deficits associated with shape, but only in gel-like media and not viscous solutions. As gastric mucus displays viscoelastic gel-like properties, our results suggest enhanced penetration of the mucus barrier underlies the fitness advantage conferred by H. pylori's characteristic shape.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1002603
JournalPLoS pathogens
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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