Multiple costimulatory blockade in the peripheral nerve allograft

Chau Y. Tai, Renata V. Weber, Susan E. MacKinnon, Thomas H. Tung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Background: In the nerve allograft model, costimulation blockade has permitted good regeneration but is still inferior to the nerve isograft. We hypothesize that a short course of multiple costimulatory pathway blockade will be more effective in inhibiting the redundancy of the immune response and improve nerve regeneration through the nerve allograft. Methods: The murine sciatic nerve allograft model was used to reconstruct a 1 cm sciatic nerve gap. Treatment consisted of the inhibition of the CD40, CD28/B7 and ICOS pathways and was compared with only single or double costimulation blockade. Assessment methods included quantitative histomorphometry and ELISPOT assay to quantify the host immune response after 3 weeks post-operatively. Results: Triple costimulation blockade permitted regeneration through the nerve allograft that was equivalent to the nerve isograft. A short course of three doses was more effective than a single dose for all combinations tested. ELISPOT assay demonstrated minimal in vitro immune response with a short course of double or triple pathway-blocking agents. Conclusion: Costimulation blockade, especially with the simultaneous inhibition of multiple pathways, remains a promising strategy to promote regeneration through the peripheral nerve allograft, and may be uniquely suited to the temporary immunosuppressive requirements of the peripheral nerve allograft.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-336
Number of pages5
JournalNeurological Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010


  • Costimulation blockade
  • Nerve allograft
  • Nerve transplant

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