Multidisciplinary treatment to restore vision in ocular burns

Joani M. Christensen, Swapna S. Shanbhag, Grace C. Shih, Jeremy Goverman, Bohdan Pomahac, James Chodosh, Richard J. Ehrlichman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Periorbital burns generate contraction and distortion of periorbital soft tissue, causing eyelid malfunction, further contributing to loss of vision from corneal scarring or perforation. We present our multidisciplinary algorithm to restore vision in patients with burn-related bilateral corneal blindness with light perception. Chart review was performed for four consecutive burn patients requiring periocular reconstruction and keratoprosthesis. Initial treatment included globe coverage with eyelid releases and grafts. Strategy of corneal replacement was determined by eyelid position and function and sufficiency of tear production. All patients were corneal blind with light perception only and cicatricial ectropion. The eye with better visual prognosis was reconstructed. Eyelid reconstruction procedures consisted of lid releases with full-thickness skin graft (FTSG) or split-thickness skin graft (STSG). Two patients regained adequate lid function and underwent standard keratoprosthesis placement. Two underwent mucous membrane grafts followed by keratoprosthesis. All patients experienced improved postoperative vision in their reconstructed eye. Corneal injury due to periocular burns can lead to blindness. Early involvement of ophthalmology, protective measures, and early ectropion release are critical. For severe burns, a multidisciplinary approach, where adequate globe protection is followed by keratoprosthesis placement, can effectively restore vision in patients with burn-related corneal blindness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-865
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

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