Multidisciplinary approach to the management of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans

Donald W. Buck, John Y.S. Kim, Murad Alam, Vinay Rawlani, Sarah Johnson, Caitlin M. Connor, Gregory A. Dumanian, Jeffrey D. Wayne

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is the most common cutaneous sarcoma. Tentacle-like extensions of neoplastic cells create a high incidence of local recurrence and pose challenges to resection and reconstruction. Objective: Here we present a multidisciplinary approach to the management of DFSP incorporating the expertise of a Mohs micrographic surgeon, surgical oncologist, dermatopathologist, and plastic surgeon. Methods: This was a single-institution, retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of 19 consecutive patients who underwent resection and reconstruction of a DFSP from 1998 to 2010. All patients underwent Mohs micrographic surgery for mapping of peripheral margins (stage I excision), followed by wide local excision for delineation of the deep margin (stage II excision). Procedures were performed in consultation with a dermatopathologist who confirmed tumor-free margins, and a plastic surgeon who performed immediate reconstruction after the wide local excision (stage II reconstruction). Results: Nineteen patients were included in this study. The average number of Mohs stages required for clearance of peripheral margins was 2.7 ± 0.7. The mean time between stage I and II procedures was 16 6 11 days. The average defect size after the stage II operation was 87.3 cm2 (range, 9-300 cm2). There were no cases of tumor recurrence. Mean follow-up time was 17 months (range, 1-53 months). Limitations: This is a retrospective review of a single-institution experience. Conclusion: A multidisciplinary approach to the management of DFSP optimizes both oncologic and reconstructive outcomes, minimizing the risk for local recurrence and limiting the functional and cosmetic morbidity associated with surgical resection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-866
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
  • Multidisciplinary
  • Oncologic reconstruction
  • Reconstruction
  • Sarcoma

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    Buck, D. W., Kim, J. Y. S., Alam, M., Rawlani, V., Johnson, S., Connor, C. M., Dumanian, G. A., & Wayne, J. D. (2012). Multidisciplinary approach to the management of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 67(5), 861-866. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2012.01.039