Background: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is the most common cutaneous sarcoma. Tentacle-like extensions of neoplastic cells create a high incidence of local recurrence and pose challenges to resection and reconstruction. Objective: Here we present a multidisciplinary approach to the management of DFSP incorporating the expertise of a Mohs micrographic surgeon, surgical oncologist, dermatopathologist, and plastic surgeon. Methods: This was a single-institution, retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of 19 consecutive patients who underwent resection and reconstruction of a DFSP from 1998 to 2010. All patients underwent Mohs micrographic surgery for mapping of peripheral margins (stage I excision), followed by wide local excision for delineation of the deep margin (stage II excision). Procedures were performed in consultation with a dermatopathologist who confirmed tumor-free margins, and a plastic surgeon who performed immediate reconstruction after the wide local excision (stage II reconstruction). Results: Nineteen patients were included in this study. The average number of Mohs stages required for clearance of peripheral margins was 2.7 ± 0.7. The mean time between stage I and II procedures was 16 6 11 days. The average defect size after the stage II operation was 87.3 cm2 (range, 9-300 cm2). There were no cases of tumor recurrence. Mean follow-up time was 17 months (range, 1-53 months). Limitations: This is a retrospective review of a single-institution experience. Conclusion: A multidisciplinary approach to the management of DFSP optimizes both oncologic and reconstructive outcomes, minimizing the risk for local recurrence and limiting the functional and cosmetic morbidity associated with surgical resection.
- Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
- Oncologic reconstruction