Multicenter evaluation of the xpert norovirus assay for detection of norovirus genogroups i and II in fecal specimens

Mark D. Gonzalez, L. Claire Langley, Blake W. Buchan, Matthew L. Faron, Melanie Maier, Kate Templeton, Kimberly Walker, Elena B. Popowitch, Melissa B. Miller, Arundhati Rao, Uwe G. Liebert, Nathan A. Ledeboer, Jan Vinjé, Carey Ann D. Burnham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Norovirus is the most common cause of sporadic gastroenteritis and outbreaks worldwide. The rapid identification of norovirus has important implications for infection prevention measures and may reduce the need for additional diagnostic testing. The Xpert Norovirus assay recently received FDA clearance for the detection and differentiation of norovirus genogroups I and II (GI and GII), which account for the vast majority of infections. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the Xpert Norovirus assay with both fresh, prospectively collected (n=914) and frozen, archived (n=489) fecal specimens. A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) composite reference method was used as the gold standard for comparison. For both prospective and frozen specimens, the Xpert Norovirus assay showed positive percent agreement (PPA) and negative percent agreement (NPA) values of 98.3% and 98.1% for GI and of 99.4% and 98.2% for GII, respectively. Norovirus prevalence in the prospective specimens (collected from March to May of 2014) was 9.9% (n=90), with the majority of positives caused by genogroup II (82%, n=74). The positive predictive value (PPV) of the Xpert Norovirus assay was 75% for GI-positive specimens, whereas it was 86.5% for GII-positive specimens. The negative predictive values (NPV) for GI and GII were 100% and 99.9%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-147
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2016

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