Mu-opioid receptor (A118G) single-nucleotide polymorphism affects alfentanil requirements for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy: A pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic study

Y. Ginosar, E. M. Davidson, Y. Meroz, S. Blotnick, M. Shacham, Y. Caraco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There are diverse reports concerning the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) A118G in the gene coding for the mu-opioid receptor. This study assessed pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationships in patients with acute pain (water-immersed extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy). Methods: Ninety-nine patients (ASA I-II, age 18-70) were assessed in this prospective observational study. Blinding was achieved by determining genotype only after the procedure. I.V. alfentanil was administered by patient-controlled administration (loading dose, 10 μg kg-1; continuous infusion, 20 μg kg-1 h-1; bolus, 3 μg kg-1; lockout time, 1 min); no other analgesic or sedating medication was used. Results: The allelic frequency was 15.2% in our population. The G118 SNP (AG/GG) was associated with a 27% increase in plasma alfentanil concentration (P=0.034), a 54% increase in alfentanil dose (P=0.009), a 47% increase in dose per kg body weight (P=0.004), a 55% increase in dose per kg corrected for stimulus intensity (P=0.002), a 112% increase in the numbers of attempted boluses (P=0.015), a 79% increase in the numbers of successful boluses (P=0.013), and a 153% increase in the numbers of failed boluses (P=0.042). Despite the increased alfentanil self-administration, the G118 SNP was associated with a 52% increase in verbal analogue pain scores over the same period of time (P=0.047). Conclusions: We demonstrated increased opioid requirement for alfentanil in patients with the G118 SNP, who self-administered a higher dose, achieved higher plasma concentration, and yet complained of more severe pain. This observation suggests that G118 SNP impairs the analgesic response to opioids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-427
Number of pages8
JournalBritish journal of anaesthesia
Volume103
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Analgesia, patient-controlled
  • Genetic factors
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Pharmacokinetics, alfentanil
  • Receptors, opioid

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