Imaging of the sacral plexus requires evaluation of both intradural and extradural components with cross-sectional techniques. Although CT is useful, individual extradural sacral nerves and the sacral plexus usually cannot be distinguished from adjacent structures [1, 2]. The higher contrast resolution provided by MR imaging allows the region of the sacral plexus to be examined in greater detail. With MR imaging, the constant relationship of the neural components to one another, and the gluteal vessels in their course from the sacrum to the greater sciatic foramen, can be shown consistently. An understanding of the anatomy of this area in multiple planes can aid in more accurate localization of abnormalities involving the sacral plexus. This pictorial essay reviews the MR appearance of the region of the sacral plexus.