Advanced imaging has become just as vital for diagnosing, staging, and monitoring disease in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients as it is for cancer patients. Part 1 of this review discussed synovitis, tenosynovitis, erosions, and osteitis—key imaging findings that occur in patients with RA. Part 2 will now show how these features, in combination with clinical and serologic data, can assist clinical decision-making at various stages of a patient’s disease course. Specifically, assessing current disease activity and prognosticating future aggressiveness inform treatment decisions at initial presentation, during medical treatment, and at clinical remission. In addition to summarizing the current literature on advanced imaging in RA, clinical examples from different stages throughout the disease course will illustrate practical approaches for applying these research results. Last, this review will describe potential future roles of imaging in RA patients.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Rheumatoid arthritis