Movement of 'gating charge' is coupled to ligand binding in a G-protein-coupled receptor

Yair Ben-Chaim, Baron Chanda, Nathan Dascal, Francisco Bezanilla, Itzchak Parnas, Hanna Parnas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activation by agonist binding of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) controls most signal transduction processes. Although these receptors span the cell membrane, they are not considered to be voltage sensitive. Recently it was shown that both the activity of GPCRs and their affinity towards agonists are regulated by membrane potential. However, it remains unclear whether GPCRs intrinsically respond to changes in membrane potential. Here we show that two prototypical GPCRs, the m2 and m1 muscarinic receptors (m2R and m1R), display charge-movement-associated currents analogous to 'gating currents' of voltage-gated channels. The gating charge-voltage relationship of m2R correlates well with the voltage dependence of the affinity of the receptor for acetylcholine. The loop that couples m2R and m1R to their G protein has a crucial function in coupling voltage sensing to agonist-binding affinity. Our data strongly indicate that GPCRs serve as sensors for both transmembrane potential and external chemical signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-109
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume444
Issue number7115
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2006

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