Movement-induced heart rate changes in epileptic and non-epileptic seizures

Gisele R. De Oliveira, Francisco De Assis Aquino Gondim, Edward R. Hogan, Francisco H. Rola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heart rate changes are common in epileptic and non-epileptic seizures. Previous studies have not adequately assessed the contribution of motor activity on these changes nor have evaluated them during prolonged monitoring. We retrospectively evaluated 143 seizures and auras from 76 patients admitted for video EEG monitoring. The events were classified according to the degree of ictal motor activity (severe, moderate and mild/absent) in: severe epileptic (SE, N=17), severe non-epileptic (SNE, N=6), moderate epileptic (ME, N=28), moderate non-epileptic (MNE, N=11), mild epileptic (mE, N=35), mild non-epileptic (mNE, N=33) and mild aura (aura, N=13). Heart rate increased in the ictal period in severe epileptic, severe non-epileptic, moderate epileptic and mild epileptic events (p<0.05). Heart rate returned to baseline levels during the post ictal phase in severe non-epileptic seizures but not in severe epileptic patients. Aura events had a higher baseline heart rate. A cut-off of 20% heart rate increase may distinguish moderate epileptic and mild epileptic events lasting more than 30 seconds. In epileptic seizures with mild/absent motor activity, the magnitude of heart rate increase is proportional to the event duration. Heart rate analysis in seizures with different degrees of movement during the ictal phase can help to distinguish epileptic from non-epileptic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-791
Number of pages3
JournalArquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Volume67
Issue number3 B
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Epileptic seizures
  • Heart rate
  • Movement
  • Non-epileptic seizures

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