3 Scopus citations


Primary ciliary dyskinesia is an inherited disease characterized by impaired ciliary function leading to diverse clinical manifestations, including chronic sinopulmonary disease, persistent middle ear effusions, laterality defects, and infertility. Our understanding of the complex genetics and functional phenotypes of primary ciliary dyskinesia has rapidly grown, and over 35 disease-associated genes have been identified, which segregate into genes that encode axonemal motor proteins, regulatory proteins within the cilium, and cytoplasmic proteins involved in ciliary assembly. These findings have yielded unexpected insights into the clinical heterogeneity of disease and are beginning to revolutionize diagnostic testing for primary ciliary dyskinesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-20
Number of pages2
JournalPaediatric Respiratory Reviews
StatePublished - Sep 2017


  • Diagnosis
  • Primary ciliary dyskinesia


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