Mosunetuzumab Safety Profile in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Clinical Management Experience From a Pivotal Phase I/II Trial

Matthew Matasar, Nancy L. Bartlett, Mazyar Shadman, Lihua E. Budde, Ian Flinn, Gareth P. Gregory, Won Seog Kim, Georg Hess, Dima El-Sharkawi, Catherine S. Diefenbach, Huang Huang, Iris To, Joana Parreira, Mei Wu, Antonia Kwan, Sarit Assouline

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Mosunetuzumab is a CD20xCD3 T-cell engaging bispecific antibody approved in Europe and the United States for relapsed/refractory (R/R) follicular lymphoma (FL) after ≥ 2 prior therapies. Materials and Methods: We present interim safety data from the mosunetuzumab GO29781 (NCT02500407) phase I/II dose-escalation study in R/R non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), focusing on FL. Results: Overall, 218 patients with R/R NHL, including 90 with R/R FL, received a median of eight 21-day cycles of intravenous mosunetuzumab with step-up dosing in Cycle (C) 1 (C1 Day [D] 1, 1 mg; C1D8, 2 mg; C1D15/C2D1, 60 mg; C3D1 and onwards, 30 mg). Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) was the most common adverse event (AE), occurring in 39.4% (NHL) and 44.4% (FL) of patients. Events occurred predominantly during C1 at the first loading dose; the majority were grade 1/2. CRS events were managed at the investigator's discretion with supportive care, steroids, and tocilizumab, based on protocol management guidelines. Immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome was uncommon, reported in 0.9% (NHL) and 1.1% (FL) of patients. Neutropenia occurred in 27.5% (NHL) and 28.9% (FL) of patients (mostly grade 3/4) and could be effectively managed using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Tumor lysis syndrome occurred in 0.9% (NHL) and 1.1% (FL) of patients (all grade 3/4 with CRS; all resolved). Conclusion: Mosunetuzumab monotherapy as treatment for R/R B-cell NHL, including FL, was associated with low rates of severe AEs (including CRS) and is suitable for outpatient administration in the community setting. Adapted protocol guidance for the management of select AEs during mosunetuzumab treatment is included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-253
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Adverse events
  • Bispecific antibody
  • Cytokine release syndrome
  • Follicular lymphoma
  • Lymphoid malignancies

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