Mortality in hemodialysis patients with covid-19, the effect of paricalcitol or calcimimetics

María Dolores Arenas Jimenez, Emilio González-Parra, Marta Riera, Abraham Rincón Bello, Ana López-Herradón, Higini Cao, Sara Hurtado, Silvia Collado, Laura Ribera, Francesc Barbosa, Fabiola Dapena, Vicent Torregrosa, José Jesús Broseta, Carlos Soto Montañez, Juan F. Navarro-González, Rosa Ramos, Jordi Bover, Xavier Nogués-Solan, Marta Crespo, Adriana S. DussoJulio Pascual

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Abstract

Background. In COVID-19 patients, low serum vitamin D (VD) levels have been associated with severe acute respiratory failure and poor prognosis. In regular hemodialysis (HD) pa-tients, there is VD deficiency and markedly reduced calcitriol levels, which may predispose them to worse outcomes of COVID-19 infection. Some hemodialysis patients receive treatment with drugs for secondary hyperparathyroidism, which have well known pleiotropic effects beyond mineral metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of VD status and the administra-tion of active vitamin D medications, used to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism, on survival in a cohort of COVID-19 positive HD patients. Methods. A cross-sectional retrospective observational study was conducted from 12 March to 21 May 2020 in 288 HD patients with positive PCR for SARS-CoV2. Patients were from 52 different centers in Spain. Results. The percent of HD patients with COVID-19 was 6.1% (288 out of 4743). Mortality rate was 28.4% (81/285). Three patients were lost to follow-up. Serum 25(OH)D (calcidiol) level was 17.1 [10.6–27.5] ng/mL and was not significantly associated to mortality (OR 0.99 (0.97–1.01), p = 0.4). Patients receiving active vitamin D medications (16/94 (17%) vs. 65/191(34%), p = 0.003), including calcimimetics (4/49 (8.2%) vs. 77/236 (32.6%), p = 0.001), paricalcitol or calcimimetics (19/117 (16.2%) vs. 62/168 (36.9%); p < 0.001), and also those on both paricalcitol and calcimimetics, to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPTH) (1/26 (3.8%) vs. 80/259 (30.9%), p < 0.001) showed a lower mortality rate than patients receiving no treatment with either drug. Multivariate Cox regression analysis confirmed this increased survival. Conclu-sions. Our findings suggest that the use of paricalcitol, calcimimetics or the combination of both, seem to be associated with the improvement of survival in HD patients with COVID-19. No corre-lation was found between serum VD levels and prognosis or outcomes in HD patients with COVID-19. Prospective studies and clinical trials are needed to support these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2559
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Calcifediol
  • Calcitriol
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Survival
  • Vitamin D

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