Morphology-rheology relationship in hyaluronate/poly(vinyl alcohol)/borax polymer blends

Sook Heun Kim, Kyu Hyun, Tae Seok Moon, Tetsu Mitsumata, Joung Sook Hong, Kyung Hyun Ahn, Seung Jong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


In this work, we have prepared bioartificial polymer blends using hyaluronate (HA) as a biological component and poly(vinyl alcohol)-borax association (PVAs) as a synthetic component, and investigated the rheological properties as well as morphology of the blends. When plotted against the blend composition, the rheological properties showed both positive and negative deviation from the linear additive mixing rule depending on thermal history. The blend showed enhanced viscosity at the composition of 20 wt% of HA and 80 wt% of PVAs, when PVA was dissolved at high temperature. The viscosity enhancement was caused by the network formation of HA aggregates in the micrometer scale. In addition, the network structure of HA aggregates was found to be fractal with the fractal dimension of 1.7. As PVA system also forms a network structure in the nanometer scale between hydroxyl groups of PVA and borate anions, the blend system is unique in that it has network structures in both micrometer and nanometer scales in one material. On the contrary, HA formed aggregates but not any network structure in the blend of the same composition but of the negative deviation. In conclusion, we showed that HA/PVAs blend system may have diverse morphology as well as very broad spectrum of rheological properties, and could suggest that the rheology and morphology of HA/PVAs blends can be designed not only by controlling composition but also by controlling thermal and deformation history of the components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7156-7163
Number of pages8
Issue number18
StatePublished - Aug 23 2005


  • Bioartificial polymer
  • Hyaluronate
  • Poly(vinyl alcohol)


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