Morphological plasticity promotes resistance to phagocyte killing of uropathogenic Escherichia coli

Dennis J. Horvath, Birong Li, Travis Casper, Santiago Partida-Sanchez, David A. Hunstad, Scott J. Hultgren, Sheryl S. Justice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli proceed through a complex intracellular developmental pathway that includes multiple morphological changes. During intracellular growth within Toll-like receptor 4-activated superficial bladder epithelial cells, a subpopulation of uropathogenic E. coli initiates SulA-mediated filamentation. In this study, we directly investigated the role of bacterial morphology in the survival of uropathogenic E. coli from killing by phagocytes. We initially determined that both polymorphonuclear neutrophils and macrophages are recruited to murine bladder epithelium at times coincident with extracellular bacillary and filamentous uropathogenic E. coli. We further determined that bacillary uropathogenic E. coli were preferentially destroyed when mixed uropathogenic E. coli populations were challenged with cultured murine macrophages in vitro. Consistent with studies using elliptical-shaped polymers, the initial point of contact between the phagocyte and filamentous uropathogenic E. coli influenced the efficacy of internalization. These findings demonstrate that filamentous morphology provides a selective advantage for uropathogenic E. coli evasion of killing by phagocytes and defines a mechanism for the essential role for SulA during bacterial cystitis. Thus, morphological plasticity can be viewed as a distinct class of mechanism used by bacterial pathogens to subvert host immunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-437
Number of pages12
JournalMicrobes and Infection
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

Keywords

  • Innate immunity
  • Phagocytosis
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Uropathogenic Escherichia coli

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