This study reports the comparative quantitative, morphological, and electrophysiological properties of two pacemaker cell types, spider and spindle-shaped cells, isolated from the rabbit sinoatrial node. Isolated nodal cells were studied with perforated and ruptured patch whole cell recording techniques. The basic spontaneous cycle length of the spider cells was 381 ± 12 ms, and the basic spontaneous cycle length of the spindle cells was 456 ± 17 ms (n = 12, P < 0.05). The spider cells had a more positive maximum diastolic potential (-54 ± 1 mV) compared with the spindle cells (-68 ± 1mV, P < 0.05). The overshoot and action potential amplitudes were also smaller in the spider cells. The hyperpolarization-activated inward (If) current density, measured from their tail currents, was 15 ± 1.3 pA/pF for the spider cells and 9 ± 0.7 pA/pF for the spindle cells (P < 0.01). If current activation voltage was more positive in the spider cells than the spindle cells. Isoproterenol (1 μM) decreased the spontaneous cycle length of the spider cells by 28 ± 3% and the spindle cells by 20 ± 1.5% (P < 0.05). Acetylcholine (0.5 μM) hyperpolarized the membrane potential of the spider cells to -86 ± 0.7mV and the spindle cells to -76 ± 0.8 mV (P < 0.05). In summary, there are at least two distinct pacemaker cell types in the sinus node with different electrophysiological characteristics.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||3 49-3|
|State||Published - 2001|
- Hyperpolarization-activated inward current
- Pacemaker current