Monte Carlo aided dosimetry of the microselectron pulsed and high dose-rate lr sources

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Abstract

Despite the large number of single-stepping source pulsed and high dose-rate (HDR) remote after-loading devices in clinical use, the published literature contain little data characterizing dose-rate distributions around the high-intensity (4×103-4×104μGy m2h−1) 192Ir sources currently used in these devices. We have used the Monte Carlo method to calculate complete two-dimensional dose-rate distributions about the most widely used high dose-rate source design, as well as the Nucletron pulsed dose-rate (PDR) Ir source. A Monte Carlo photon transport code, incorporating the detailed internal geometry of the source, was used to calculate the dose rate per unit air-kerma strength in water medium on the transverse bisecting axis over the 0.15-12 cm distance range. In addition, polar dose profiles were calculated at distances ranging from 0.25 to 5 cm. The PDR and HDR dose-rate distributions are tabulated using the formalism endorsed by the Interstitial Collaborative Working Group and the AAPM Task Group 43, and includes dose-rate constant, radial dose function, anisotropy function, geometry function, and anisotropy factors. The dose-rate constants, A, of the MicroSelectron/HDR and PDR sources were found to be 1.115 and 1.128 cGyh−1per unit air-kerma strength, respectively, in good agreement with previously published data for low dose-rate interstitial Ir sources. Oblique filtration by the high-density iridium metal core resulted in deviations from anisotropy as large as 35%-55% near the longitudinal axis of the source. Dose-rate distributions are also presented in Cartesian (“away” and “along”) coordinates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)809-819
Number of pages11
JournalMedical physics
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995

Keywords

  • Carlo simulation
  • Ir
  • Monte
  • high dose-rate brachytherapy
  • pulsed dose-rate brachytherapy dosimetry

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