Monospecific and bispecific monoclonal SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies that maintain potency against B.1.617

Lei Peng, Yingxia Hu, Madeleine C. Mankowski, Ping Ren, Rita E. Chen, Jin Wei, Min Zhao, Tongqing Li, Therese Tripler, Lupeng Ye, Ryan D. Chow, Zhenhao Fang, Chunxiang Wu, Matthew B. Dong, Matthew Cook, Guilin Wang, Paul Clark, Bryce Nelson, Daryl Klein, Richard SuttonMichael S. Diamond, Craig B. Wilen, Yong Xiong, Sidi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

COVID-19 pathogen SARS-CoV-2 has infected hundreds of millions and caused over 5 million deaths to date. Although multiple vaccines are available, breakthrough infections occur especially by emerging variants. Effective therapeutic options such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are still critical. Here, we report the development, cryo-EM structures, and functional analyses of mAbs that potently neutralize SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern. By high-throughput single cell sequencing of B cells from spike receptor binding domain (RBD) immunized animals, we identify two highly potent SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing mAb clones that have single-digit nanomolar affinity and low-picomolar avidity, and generate a bispecific antibody. Lead antibodies show strong inhibitory activity against historical SARS-CoV-2 and several emerging variants of concern. We solve several cryo-EM structures at ~3 Å resolution of these neutralizing antibodies in complex with prefusion spike trimer ectodomain, and reveal distinct epitopes, binding patterns, and conformations. The lead clones also show potent efficacy in vivo against authentic SARS-CoV-2 in both prophylactic and therapeutic settings. We also generate and characterize a humanized antibody to facilitate translation and drug development. The humanized clone also has strong potency against both the original virus and the B.1.617.2 Delta variant. These mAbs expand the repertoire of therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2 and emerging variants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1638
JournalNature communications
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Monospecific and bispecific monoclonal SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies that maintain potency against B.1.617'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this