Monosaccharide analysis of glycoconjugates by anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection

Mark R. Hardy, R. Reid Townsend, Yuan C. Lee

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The method of anion exchange chromatography followed by pulsed amperometric detection (AE-PAD; Johnson, D. C., and Polta, T. Z. (1986) Chromatogr. Forum 1, 37-44) has been applied to the compositional analysis of glycoconjugates. Using 22 mm NaOH as a column effluent, underivatized fucose, galactosamine, glucosamine, galactose, glucose, and mannose were readily separated in 15 min at a flow rate of 1 ml/min. The limit of quantification of the monosaccharides was better than 100 pmol (signal to noise ratio 184:1). AE-PAD was employed to quantify the monosaccharides of several glycoproteins, glycopeptides, and oligosaccharides after hydrolysis with 2 m trifluoroacetic acid. Both neutral and amino sugars could be rapidly estimated in a single chromatographic step using AE-PAD. Complete release of N-acetylglucosamine required more vigorous hydrolysis conditions (Lee, Y. C. (1972) in Methods in Enzymology (Ginsburg, V., Ed.), Vol. 28, pp. 63-73, Academic Press, New York). In both glycopeptides and oligosaccharides, approximately one less residue of Man than predicted was determined. Both AE-PAD and liquid chromatographic analysis of borate-monosaccharide complexes with fluorometric detection (Mikami, H., and Ishida, Y. (1983) Bunseki Kagaku 32, E207-E210) gave similar quantification of mannose and other sugars. The capability of rapid, sensitive quantification of underivitized monosaccharides should facilitate structural analysis of glycoconjugates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1988


  • HPLC, carbohydrates
  • electrochemical methods
  • glycoproteins
  • sugar analysis


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