Monocyte chemotactic activity in human abdominal aortic aneurysms: Role of elastin degradation peptides and the 67-kD cell surface elastin receptor

Kirk A. Hance, Monika Tataria, Scott J. Ziporin, Jason K. Lee, Robert W. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronic inflammation is a characteristic feature of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), but the molecular signals responsible for recruiting monocytes into the outer aortic wall are unresolved. The purpose of this study was to examine whether AAA tissues elaborate chemotactic activity for mononuclear phagocytes and to determine whether this activity is attributable to interactions between clastin degradation peptides (EDPs) and their cell surface receptor, the 67-kD elastin binding protein (EBP). Material and Methods: Soluble proteins were extracted from human AAA tissues, and chemotactic activity for differentiated U937 mononuclear phagocytes was measured by use of a modified Boyden chamber. Chemotactic activity induced by N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe was used as a positive control and checkerboard analysis was used to distinguish chemotaxis from chemokinesis. Inhibition of chemotaxis was tested by pcptidc competition, blocking antibodies and galactosugar-mediated dissociation of the 67-kD EBP. Results: AAA extracts stimulated a concentration-dependent increase in monocyte migration that reached up to 24% of the maximal effect induced by N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe. Checkerboard analysis demonstrated that AAA extracts stimulated chemotaxis without a chemokinetic effect. AAA-derived chemotactic activity was eliminated by competition with Val-Gly-Val-Arg-Pro-Gly (VGVAPG), a repetitive peptide found in human elastin that binds to cellular elastin receptors, and decreased nearly 40% in the presence of BA-4, an antielastin monoclonal antibody that can block EDP-mediated chemotactic activity. Monocyte chemotaxis in response to both VGVAPG and AAA extracts was abolished in the presence of lactose, a galactosugar that specifically dissociates the 67-kD EBP, but it was unaffected by either glucose, fructose, or mannose. Conclusions: These findings indicate that soluble EDPs released within human AAA tissue can subsequently attract mononuclear phagocytes through ligand-receptor interactions with the 67-kD EBP, thereby providing a plausible molecular mechanism to explain the inflammatory response that accompanies aneurysmal degeneration. Better understanding of factors regulating inflammatory cell recruitment may lead to novel forms of therapy for early stages of aneurysmal degeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-261
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2002

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