Monoamine oxidases and alcoholism. II. Studies in alcoholic families

B. K. Suarez, C. L. Hampe, A. Parsian, C. R. Cloninger

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    13 Scopus citations


    Thirty-five alcoholic families have been studied to investigate the relationship between DNA markers at the monoamine oxidase (MAO) loci and 1) platelet activity levels and 2) alcoholism. A quantitative linkage analysis failed to reveal any evidence that the variation in activity levels cosegregates with the DNA markers. A sib-pair analysis did not reveal a significant excess of MAO haplotype sharing among alcoholic sibs, although the deviation from random sharing was in the direction consistent with an X- linked component. A reanalysis of platelet MAO activity levels in a subset of these families revealed that the lower levels previously found in alcoholics is more likely due to the differences between males and females. Only among males and only when a 'broad' definition of alcoholism is used (and MAO activity levels are transformed to normality) does it appear that alcoholics have depressed activities compared to nonalcoholics. Finally, when the confounding due to gender difference is removed, no differences between type I and type II alcoholics are found in these families.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)417-423
    Number of pages7
    JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics - Neuropsychiatric Genetics
    Issue number5
    StatePublished - 1995


    • affected sib-pairs
    • gender differences
    • linkage


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