Monoamine alterations during experimental hydrocephalus in neonatal rats

George I. Chovanes, James P. McAllister, Albert A. Lamperti, Arnold G. Salotto, Raymond C. Truex

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was designed to determine the selected monoamine changes that occur during infantile hydrocephalus. Obstructive hydrocephalus was induced in newborn rats by injection of a suspension of kaolin into the 4th ventricle and cisterna magna. Eleven days later, experimental animals and their sham-operated littermate controls were killed and pieces of frontoparietal cortex, neostriatum, cerebellar vermis, and brain stem were processed for high performance liquid chromatography. Grossly, the lateral ventricles were extremely enlarged, the cerebral cortex was thinned, the neostriatum was compressed, and portions of the tectum and cerebellum were vacuolated. Decreases in norepinephrine (71%), dopamine (73%), and serotonin (50%) were observed in the cerebral cortex, neostriatum, and cerebellum, respectively. Brain stem norepinephrine and serotonin were increased 70% and 50%, respectively. These increases may indicate impairment of axonal transport or damage to projections from the locus ceruleus and raphe region. These preliminary results suggest that infantile hydrocephalus causes perturbations in the levels of different monoamines in several brain regions. Such changes may critically influence neuronal function and development, as well as the therapeutic management of hydrocephalus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-91
Number of pages6
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

Keywords

  • Brain stem
  • Catecholamine
  • Cerebellum
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Infantile hydrocephalus
  • Neonatal rat
  • Neostriatum

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