Monitoring of magnetic targeting to tumor vasculature through MRI and biodistribution

Evin Gultepe, Francisco J. Reynoso, Aditi Jhaveri, Praveen Kulkarni, Dattatri Nagesha, Craig Ferris, Mukesh Harisinghani, Robert B. Campbell, Srinivas Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Aims: The development of noninvasive imaging techniques for the assessment of cancer treatment is rapidly becoming highly important. The aim of the present study is to show that magnetic cationic liposomes (MCLs), incorporating superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), are a versatile theranostic nanoplatform for enhanced drug delivery and monitoring of cancer treatment. Materials & methods: MCLs (with incorporated high SPION cargo) were administered to a severe combined immunodeficiency mouse with metastatic (B16-F10) melanoma grown in the right flank. Pre- and post-injection magnetic resonance (MR) images were used to assess response to magnetic targeting effects. Biodistribution studies were conducted by 111In-labeled MCLs and the amount of radioactivity recovered was used to confirm the effect of targeting for intratumoral administrations. Results: We have shown that tumor signal intensities in T2-weighted MR images decreased by an average of 20 ± 5% and T2* relaxation times decreased by 14 ± 7 ms 24 h after intravenous administration of our MCL formulation. This compares to an average decrease in tumor signal intensity of 57 ± 12% and a T2* relaxation time decrease of 27 ± 8 ms after the same time period with the aid of magnetic guidance. Conclusion: MR and biodistribution analysis clearly show the efficacy of MCLs as MRI contrast agents, prove the use of magnetic guidance, and demonstrate the potential of MCLs as agents for imaging, guidance and therapeutic delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1182
Number of pages10
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010


  • MRI
  • biodistribution
  • magnetic targeting
  • magnetoliposomes
  • melanoma/skin cancer
  • novel drug-delivery systems
  • toxicology


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